Monday, March 31, 2014

Notes from @KarenS_Y & @DrMaltman at #CNI14S on the topic of researcher IDs

Integrating Researcher Identifiers Into University And Library Systems
Micah Altman
Director of Research
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Karen Smith-Yoshimura
Program Officer
OCLC Research

Discussion of authorship trends, issues, and questions. Focus on how to analyze authorship in citations. How do you connect an author with a work?

One researcher can have multiple profiles or identifiers. This project identified seven stakeholders and their needs.

In addition to the stakeholder needs, there were other functional requirements identified. They than profiled 20 systems. Included things like VIAF, VIVO, Mendeley, Wikipedia, ORCID, NACO, ISNI, etc. One discovery was that there is a lot of overlap.

Where is everyone?
  • Lots of professional are in LinkedIn
  • Most researchers are unlisted
  • ORCID and ISNI are most represented but still small in number
Other thoughts:
  • Books v Journals: different needs and audiences
  • Remember that researcher identifiers are not equal to name authorities.
  • The is a complex environment where systems have overlapping services and are rapidly changing and don't often coordinate
  • Systems can have both producer and consumer relationships
Some emerging trends
  • Recognition that persistent identifiers for researchers are needed
  • Registration services, not authority files are the way forward
  • Publishers are early adopters
  • Funders are also starting to adopt identifiers
  • NIH integrated ORCIDS inSciENcv
  • Universities are starting to mandate research identifiers
Recommendations for universities
  • Prepare to engage
  • Start outreach to researcher
  • Future proof systems
  • Demand more from publishers, ask for more than PDFs
  • Prepare for more reporting
How to choose a system
  • ORCID and ISNI are logical first choices
  • Retain traditional systems like VIAF and NACO
  • Be aware of local systems like arXiv
Manage risks
  • Things are evolving
  • Researchers will not drive change and are sensitive as to who controls their profile
  • Incentive system help
A number of approaches to providing authoritative researcher identifiers have emerged, but they tend to be limited by discipline, affiliation or publisher. This talk provides an overview of an OCLC Research task group’s analysis of a complex ecosystem of systems and institutions that provide, aggregate and use researcher and name authorities: researcher identifier systems. The presentation will reflect on the state of the practice and on the remaining challenges to the integration of researcher identifiers into the systems and practices of libraries, universities, funders, and publishers. Comments on the group’s draft recommendations will be solicited.

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