Saturday, April 30, 2011

Velocity of Change

Velocity by martin_kalfatovic
Velocity, a photo by martin_kalfatovic on Flickr.
Velocity is the measurement of the rate and direction of change. To measure velocity, you need to know both the magnitude and direction if you want to assign a value.

The current report on e-books from the Book Industry Study Group (BISG), released on 28 April 2011 has a lot of interesting information that can help to measure the "velocity of change" in the book industry as it relates to epublishing. BISG gives us a number of measurements on the magnitude (increased sales, higher percentage of readers) and direction (upwards). Taken together, I think it's safe to say that the velocity of change (in the ebook field) is rapidly increasing.

I'll note:

  • 13% of print book buyers have downloaded an e-book
  • 66% of respondents have moved mostly to e-books
  • book sales have INCREASED in the past six months

A quote from Scott Lubeck (BISG Executive Director):
"This is a market in fast motion and identifying trends early is the key to gaining a competitive edge," said Scott Lubeck, BISG's Executive Director. "This on-going BISG baseline study of consumer behavior toward e-books and e-book reading devices is essential to understanding both the velocity of change and its significance to every stakeholder in the book industry."

New stop sign: Key Blvd. & Rhodes St.

But lost parking places!

Sunday, April 24, 2011

The Real and the Virtual: Exhibitions Online, presentation for Goucher College

The Real and the Virtual: Exhibitions Online. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Exhibits Real and Virtual. Goucher College. CSP 640. 25 April 2011. Online.

My first attempt at a slidecast.

Saturday, April 23, 2011

I am the shadow of the waxwing slain ...

2011.04.23-IMG_2463 by martin_kalfatovic
2011.04.23-IMG_2463, a photo by martin_kalfatovic on Flickr.
A day late, but happy birthday Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (22 April 1899 - 2 July 1977).

I am the shadow of the waxwing slain
By the false azure in the windowpane:
I was the smudge of ashen fluff -- and I
Lived on, flew on, in the reflected sky
- Pale Fire

The cradle rocks above an abyss, and common sense tells us that our existence is but a brief crack of light between two eternities of darkness. Although the two are identical twins, man, as a rule, views the prenatal abyss with more calm than the one he is heading for.
- Speak, Memory

Pope-Leighey House by Frank Lloyd Wright

Near Mount Vernon

Woodlawn Plantation

Home of Lawrence Lewis

Friday, April 22, 2011

Louise Miles of Freshwater Bio. Association at BioOne meeting

Do It Yourself: A Small Society’s Experience Publishing with Open Journal Systems by Louise Miles, Editorial Manager, Freshwater Biological Association, UK

Overview of what the FBA is and how they're using OJS (Open Journal Systems) for publishing.

FBA is based on Lake Windermere in the UK Lake District; founded in 1929, registered charity since 1966. Mission is to advance freshwater science and encourage as many people as possible to manage water resources.

Have been publishing for over 75 years; for researchers, students and enthusiasts. Science series, occasional series, and special series (reference and proceedings). "Freshwater Reviews" begun in 2008, joined BioOne in 2010.A new titles, "Inland Waters" launched just this year, joint effort of FBA and International Society of Limnology.

Open Source vs. Out-source
- Open source pros: maximum control, adaptable, can be cost-effective; cons: expensive, time consuming, susceptible to loss of expertise
- Out-source pros: efficients, no need for specialist staff, bug buying power, marketing; cons: limited financial return, tie-in periods, loss of control, contractual restrictions- Half-way house option (e.g. BioOne): offers benefits that are the best of both of the above.

Open Journal Systems (OJS)
- used by 7,500+ journal titles
- highly customizable
- open source and free- has subscription management tools, but you should look into all options and be prepared to stick to what you've chose for a while
- does all the managment of the backend systems related to article submission

Outlined the benefits of BioOne for organizations like the FBA.

Keven Meinershagen at BioOne meeting talking about mobile and scholarly publishing

The Mobile Mutation: Examining the Evolution and Current State of Mobile Content Delivery by Kevan Meinershagen, Technical Services Manager, Allen Press

Fun and entertaining presentation on mobile things.

Overview of the genesis of mobile technology. Notes that cell phones started to become computers with the advent of SMS (text messaging). There are more cell phones in the US than there are households with televisions. Most people will access the "internet" via mobile devices by 2014.

So, should be clear now that mobile is the future, even if not the present, so, how should content creators and deliverers work in that world?

- variety of devices on the market, not just different phones, but cars and other things
- screen sizes (vary greatly, differnt resolutions and aspect ratios)
- product lifecycle is amazingly fast
- flux in the OS market
- how to you implement location-based IP restrictions on devices that are inherently not based on location?

Impact for scholarly publishers:
- density of information on mobile is a problem (can you read a long paper on mobile?)
- most mobile use is for social activities

Scholarly publishing strategies:
- mobile optimized version of the full site
- use mobile for discover and social tools
- use different apps for specific services

Good presentation on European Journal of Taxonomy at the BioOne meeting

European Journal of Taxonomy: A Model for Collaborative Publication by Laurence Bénichou, Publications Manager and Deputy Head, Scientific Publications, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris and Michèle Ballinger, Editorial Manager, Scientific Publications, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Overview of how the EJT was started and organizations involved.

MNHN have about 368K printed works; 68 million scientific specimens; world's largest herbarium; 1,880 employees; 2 million visitors a year; 350 students in a degree granting program. Publishes both monographs and journals. Most publishing occurs in the areas of speciality of the museum.

EJT grew out of the EDIT project (European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy). Member institutions already either publish or host the publication of many journals.

Description of how the publication and editorial process for EJT works. Does not differ in most ways from any typical scholarly not for profit science publication.

Scholary publishing costs and who pays:
- Research (institutions)
- Peer review (institutions)
- editing/layout/dissemination (commercial or institutional publisher)
- Customer/consumer (institutions through libraries or researcher affiliation)

3/4 costs are always footed by research institutions; 4/4 when the publishers is the institution.

Problems with moving to electronic only:
- nomenclature rules about name publication
- library exchange programs
- long term preservation of electronic publications
- lack of resources and technical staff

Who would benefit from the establishment of EJT?
- small journals w/out impact factor
- journals with high impact factors that can't publish all qualified papers
- journals commercially outsourced that have lost editorial control (in attempt to increase the impact factor)

EJT launched to address all these issues.

EJT task group formed to create a joint journal from 7 institutions (Belgium, France, UK, Spain, and Denmark)

EJT is a fully electronic publication with fast track publication in descriptive taxonomy; global focus by based in Europe. Uses XML for efficient data exchange. Makes content available in multiple formats and with extractable data elements for repurposing by various other 3rd parties (e.g. EOL, BHL, ZooBank, etc.)

Benefits of EJT:
- users get easy access to content
- authors have better visibility
- taxonomic field gets increased visibility
- publishers have the benefit of showing expertise, importance of mission, etc.

Key aspects of EJT:
- Free OA where neither the authorr or reader pays
- empowers publishing staff
- sets up a cross-institutional strategy at the European level

Mark Kurtz, BioOne on the topic of new models for Open Access publishing

The Lighthouse in Scholarly Publishing:
Exploring a New Model for Open Access Sustainability
Mark Kurtz, Director of Business Development, BioOne

Excellent philosophical discussion about the nature of "knowledge as a public good." Notes below do not give Mark's erudite presentation justice.

Some thoughts:
- knowledge if non-rivalrous in consumption (in the abstract sense)
- is it non-excludable (practically impossible to limit consumption to certain person)? In the abstract sense, yes it is; but when it is "encoded" (placed in books, journals, etc.), no it is not.

Most of the people in the room would probably agree that scholarly communication is a public good (if only we could work out the economic model).

"He who lights his taper at mine does not diminish mine" T. Jefferson

But how do we pay for the tapers? So how do we define the problematic? In scholarly communication it is the "Free rider" problem. Why should I pay for something if someone else is?

Solutions that have been tried:
- selective incentives (exclusive benefits), value added services (positive) and nuisance notices (negative)
- Compelling payment (taxation)
- Assurance contracts (members pledge to contribute to a collective good, if the threshold is met, the service is provided, if not, nothing happens). Let's look at the history of subscriptions (which are a form of assurance contracts); 17th century England found the patronage method of publication failing and the solicited subscription began (John Minsheau, Guide into Tongues, 1617 first known subscribed book). Printed subscriber lists add in a form of value added service.

Did 17th century subscriptions provide public goods? No, they provided a "club good"
- non-rivalrous? Yes
- Non-excludable No
- These are termed "club goods" (provide a public good to a small group of people)

Modern nonprofit subscription model is more like a club good than the commercial subscription model.

For commercial publishers, the subscription model is a totally different type of model that is a value-optimized pricing strategy as opposed to a product-cost model.

How can nonprofit publishing achieve something greater than what has been done (e.g. by BioOne) and should they try?
The Lighthouse Model
- archetypal pure public good
- social value
- non-rivalrous and non-excludable
- free-rider not a problem since impossible to monetize
- require government intervention to fund
- only government can truly fund public goods

But what if they're not?
- Economist Ronald Coase gave an alternate example from England where shipping companies, and NGO's formed to build lighthouses
- allowed free riders, but through the pooling of resources by some parties who really needed them

The Lighthouse model for scholarly publishing
- BioOne proposes testing the Coasian solution to BioOne's OA collection
- annually, a group of stakeholders would decide how much content to provide and how much it would cost to provide this information
- the OA sustanability surcharge would equitabily distributed among suscribers to BioOne.1 and BioOne.2, but not to non-subscribeers

How would this work?
- 2% surcharge on invoiced accounts
- add an $85/institution surcharge with a maximum off $500
- revenue would go into a restrcted fund used only for OA publishing

Caveats and Marginalia
- this is not THE solution to OA publishing
- might prove a scalable model for the BioOne community
- even failure of the test would have value
- successful test might have wider implications
- it's an admittedly quirky "third way"

Questions and Feedback
Question: will there be an opt out option?
Answer: No, that would be too complicated

Question: any differences for consortia or country-wide deals?
Answer: Consortia, no, it scales there; but for the large deals, it will have to be done differently

Question: We're seeing a decline in memberships to societies since they can get journal content via libraries; will this model further impact society membership?
Answer: Big question and problem. Most BioOne use still comes through the academe. End-users are increasingly unaware of the concepts of "journal", aggragator (Ebscohost, etc.) or even library. All they know is author and article. This is the bigger issue and problem for societies.

Question: Will this make for more BioOne OA content?
Answer: Yes, there will be some increased content.

Question: What percentage of BioOne subscrptions come from state funded consortia?
Answer: Hard question to answer because of many variables

James Mullins, Dean of Libraries at Purdue on libraries and presses

2010-06-04-IMG_8090 by martin_kalfatovic
2010-06-04-IMG_8090, a photo by martin_kalfatovic on Flickr.
Confronting Old Assumptions to Assume New Roles: Physical and Operational Integration of the Press and Libraries at Purdue University by Dr. James Mullins, Dean of Libraries and Professor, Purdue University

My notes from his talk.

UPresses and Uni Libraries have always had a symbiotic relationship; co-existed in academe unaware of challenges each other faced; grudgingly realized their dependencies; often unware of how the other functions.

Number of US UP presses as increased steadily since the 1860s (Cornell UP first; JHU the first major one), but leveled off at about 87/88 in the 1980s and has stayed the same since then. Big explosion of presses in the 1960s. UPresses are currently re-aligning to focus more on publishing university generated content and more collaboration with libraries.

See "Imagining a University Press System to Support Scholarship in the Digital Age" by Clifford Lynch in Journal of Electronic Publishing. Volume 13, Issue 2, Fall 2010.

Gave a case study of Purdue University. Library: increasingly centralized; 36 libraries in 1960s; down to 12 in 2011; hope to be down to 5 in a few years.

Press: founded in 1960 and reported to dean of graduate school; 1990s, changed reporting to U librarian. Moved Press to the central campus; services all covered by library budget; shared business office; all titles available electronically; 40% of authors from Purdue; mostly open access journals.

Used three strategies: spatial (good space on campus), governance (editorial andd advisory board drawn from university), financial and staffing (integrating into administration of the library), to fully integrate the press with the mission of the university.

Revised the editorial board to reflect the university (previously heavy on liberal arts, not a strength of Purdue), now more representative of the university. Included the Purdue CIO; early discussions had Press moving under CIO since things were going electronicaly; argument that press was  more closely aligned to libraries than technology won out.

Established a managment advisory board of both Purdue faculty as well as outsiders from other publishing and professional associations.

Changes from 2006/07 to 2010/11: Libraries STOPPED chargebacks to press for IT and legal services in 2010/11 as it was integrated into library. Increased editorial staff from 1 to 3. Allocated $50K to new press editor as "venture capital" to make experimental changes.

Press now has no overhead (covered by library budget); sales income only needs to cover publishing costs (print and distribution). Raised nearly $1 million in external fundding for press.

Opportunities include new forms of publication enabled by combining the skills and resources of press and llibrary

Have developed new systems and services that are joint library/press initiatives (Jint Transportation Research Program & Human Animal Bonding Research) that take advantage of skill sets on both sides to build new things. Have also attracted external funding sources.

Developing a strategic plan for 2011-2016; planning process treats the press and library on an equal basis.

Challenges include question of undermining the press brand by having too much Purdue authorship; where does "mission" stop and "cost recovery" begin? What is the collection development policy of the press, how to focus service and resources? And others as of yet unknown?

Question about ebooks:
Answer: Look at them as the savior of the scholarly publishing industry. Students are not using scholarly books because access is too difficult; using databases is easier and more rewarding. Content in books is inaccessible. So, by having electronic books, that content will be more findable and make them more used.

Question about library space, what happens to all the library spaces as you move to virtual collections:
Answer: Purdue UG survey: libraries are now perceived as a total space that is both the virttual and physical. At Purdue, now moving collections to less central locations; new library spaces have almost no collections and are learning spaces, meeting places, teaching adjunct spaces. Working closely with deans of schools so that library is seen as a partner in these projects. Mullins feels this is a return to how libraries were in the 1930s and earlier when libraries were great spaces for working and not "supermarkets" of books.

Question about where does the LIBRARIAN fit into this view?
Answer: Purdue filling 8 new library positions (all in data managment, e-science, and data curation); at Purdue they are faculty and expected to work alongside faculty; library staff directly embedded in all programs; library staff participated in generating $8 million in research grants. Physical libraries are almost totaly run by non-professional staff; librarians work primarily with data managment issues and scholarly publishing.

Question about how consolidation of library spaces worked.
Answer: "Stuck" with large legacy buildings that don't really work. Branch library staff had less work when most journal collections went to electronic. Moved technical services work to former branch staff

Question about subventions in press activities; how common is the Purdue model of library doing the subvention of press activities? (e.g. not relying on revenue for press costs)
Answer: Very unusual model at this time; not many similar models at this time.

Attending BioOne partner meeting

Always great sessions

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Sake flight at Cocoro

Happy birthday to me from Google

2011.04.20 Google by martin_kalfatovic
2011.04.20 Google, a photo by martin_kalfatovic on Flickr.
Kinda, strange, kinda TMI.

Thanks to everyone for their birthday wishes!

Same time next year ... I hope.

Quote of the Day: I wasted time, and now doth time waste me

And so now I'm thinking, fifty isn't the new thirty! By pretty much even the best estimates on the actuaries, there really is now more of a past (for me) than of a future ... so it's a good time to take a look at the old clock on the wall!

As Richard II said:

I wasted time, and now doth time waste me;
For now hath time made me his numbering clock:
My thoughts are minutes; and with sighs they jar
Their watches on unto mine eyes, the outward watch,
Whereto my finger, like a dial's point,
Is pointing still, in cleansing them from tears.
Now sir, the sound that tells what hour it is
Are clamorous groans, which strike upon my heart,
Which is the bell: so sighs and tears and groans
Show minutes, times, and hours: but my time
Runs posting on in Bolingbroke's proud joy,
While I stand fooling here, his Jack o' the clock.
This music mads me; let it sound no more;
For though it have holp madmen to their wits,
In me it seems it will make wise men mad.
Yet blessing on his heart that gives it me!
For 'tis a sign of love; and love to Richard
Is a strange brooch in this all-hating world.
- William Shakespeare, Richard II, Act 5, Scene 5

Kim and Carlo's Chicago hot dog

Outside the Field Museum

Sue the T. Rex at the Field Museum

Starbucks #2535

25 East Washington Blvd.
Chicago,  IL

Saturday, April 16, 2011

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Of vending machines, eBooks, and stuff

Vending machinesAt the Ignite Smithsonian event (April 11, 2011), there was a really great talk by Jaspar Visser from the Museum of National History of the Netherlands. The topic was:

"A look at the wondrous world of automatic vending machines through the eyes of a museum professional". You can find the video online here.

The talk was, to say the least, a bit tongue in cheek, but very pointed and relevant. It inspired me to post a bumper sticker I picked up at the Internet Archive a while back, "Got a quarter? My culture is stuck in this vending machine....? from

The funny thing was that when I got home, the following ad was in the postbox. Seems like vending machines are the metaphor of the week!

FYI, Jasper is the project manager for new technology and media projects at the Museum of National History of the Netherlands. Follow @jaspervisser on Twitter.

p.s. I'll throw in another plug for my talk, "eBooks 4 eVeryBody" available here.

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Carrion Comfort: Borders Books out of business sale

Why do I have Gerard Manley Hopkins on the brain?

Carrion Comfort

NOT, I’ll not, carrion comfort, Despair, not feast on thee;
Not untwist—slack they may be—these last strands of man
In me ór, most weary, cry I can no more. I can;
Can something, hope, wish day come, not choose not to be.
But ah, but O thou terrible, why wouldst thou rude on me    

Thy wring-world right foot rock? lay a lionlimb against me? scan
With darksome devouring eyes my bruisèd bones? and fan,
O in turns of tempest, me heaped there; me frantic to avoid thee and flee?

Why? That my chaff might fly; my grain lie, sheer and clear.
Nay in all that toil, that coil, since (seems) I kissed the rod, Hand rather, my heart lo! lapped strength, stole joy, would laugh, chéer.
Cheer whom though? the hero whose heaven-handling flung me, fóot tród
Me? or me that fought him? O which one? is it each one? That night, that year
Of now done darkness I wretch lay wrestling with (my God!) my God.

Got a quarter? My culture is stuck in this vending machine...

Bumper sticker

Monday, April 11, 2011

Smithsonian Ignite crowd gathersgathers

Presentation on ebooks for Smithsonian Ignite (plus notes)

2011.03.30-IMG_2042Here's my presentation for the Ignite Smithsonian event (11 April 2011) in Washington, DC.

Below are notes and references to the cited facts and figures.

eBooks for eVeryBody. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Ignite Smithsonian. National Museum of the American Indian. 11 April 2011. Washington, DC.

1. eBooks 4 eVeryBody
A presentation for Ignite Smithsonian at the National Museum of the American Indian, 11 April 02011

2. Book in Chains
Books were once rare and precious things, so much so, that they had to chained to library shelves. From the 15th century through 1599, there were just over 15,000 books published in Great Britain; around 125 titles / year.

  • Some Statistics on the Number of Surviving Printed Titles for Great Britain and Dependencies from the Beginnings of Print in England to the year 1800, by Alain Veylit. Datasource: ESTC Data

3. Early Print Shop
Making each copy of a book, though easier than in the manuscript era, was still a relatively slow and labor intensive process.

4. Book shelf
"Of making many books there is no end” (Ecclesiastes 12:12)

5. Worldometers: New Book Titles
Today, book production is exploded. UNESCO estimates are for 269,565 new titles published during the most recent statistical year. For the United Kingdom, for comparison to the early number of about 125 new titles year in the 16th century, there were 206,000 new titles.

6. Total number of books in the world: 129,864,880
Google recently did an estimate of the total number of "books". Their answer, 129,864,880. There are many footnotes and caveats to this number, but, it's a number.

7. The codex 
The printed book form, the codex (which had existed for even longer in manuscript form) has provided, first the West and now the world, with over 500 years of quality; the "book" in it's printed form that we now know, however, took 50+ years to take the structure we now intuitively interact with. Accessing information like tables of contents, page numbers, indexes, title pages, etc. The book, for most people, doesn't need a users' manual.


8. Books today
But now, books are taking on new formats drivin by electronic publication. The ebook publishing business began in around 1998 with ebook readers Rocket ebook and SoftBook;the first Kindle launched in 2007 and new forms (e.g. readers) will continue to evolve.

9. 10 million ebook "titles" available
So, of Google's 128 million books, how many are available in ebook form (of all types?). Glenn Fleishman estimates about 10 million.


10. Obligatory chart graphic
Here's a chart shows Amazon sales of paperback, hardcover and Kindle format sales, relative to each other. Epublishing soon to be a signifant portion of "book" selling market-wide. "Girl with the Dragon Tattoo" just became the first 1M ebook. Some publishers, O'Reilly, are now selling majority of titles in electronic form.

2012 is expected to be the year digital music sales surpass CD. If we consider 2001 as the start of digital music sales (the launch of iTunes), that's a little over ten years. What will be the ebook trajectory?


11. Manadatory Pat the Bunny slide
I love books, I love to touch them, I love the smell of paper. I love Pat the Bunny, the wonderful 1940 tactile sensation, it will not be replaced by ebooks. I promise.

12. Per capita ebook consumption
eBooks are a toy of the mobile, bi-coastal elite, 20 somethings NOT. Highest per capital consumption is in Alaska, North Dakota, and Utah. Lowest in DC, California, Maine and Mississipppi.

Caveat on these stats, these are for sales of Smashwords ebooks. Total across other large sellers (Amazon, Barnes and Noble, iTunes, etc.) may change these numbers. So, in using these numbers, I plead the Twain Amendment: "There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics."

13. I'm a librarian. Cat / Kindle / Jane Austen
What does this inevitable (in my opinion) march towards books becoming primarily ebooks mean to libraries?

14. Richness of ereaders
Right now, there are many problems with the use of ebooks in libraries. Multiple platforms, DRM, etc.

  • Google search on ereaders and display images
15. iPad 2 in a library
US law allows something called the "first-sale doctrine." This is what lets libraries lend books, lets you give books to friends, and allows used book stores to exist.

Ebooks, however, are not generally "sold". They are licensed, which falls under contract law, not Copyright law (Title 17). Library ebook purchases are licenses (primarily), so it's a new game.


16. One Kindle = 3,500 ebooks
A single Kindle 3 holds about 3,500 books ... that's a lot of shelve space. How can libraries move into this space? Can we work with copyright law and licensing to fill those Kindles not only with books their owners purchase, but with books from our libraries?

17. Free-to-All: Books on Devices - in Apps - in Browsers
So the big questions for libraries are how do we handle these new materials. How do we make them available in the traditional mission of the modern library, which is summed up on Boston Public Libraries motto "Free to All"? And in the case of academic libraries, "Free to our user community".

18. Open Library
There are lots of free books on Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and other book sites. One I'd like to point you to is Open Library. Not only does this massive database of book information "open" itself to wiki-like editing of the content, but it also points to ecopies of the books. Best of all, Open Library is experimentally testing the limits of Section 109 to "lend" digital copies of in-copyright books.

19. Overdrive
A more "traditional" model for libraries is a service like Overdrive which works with publishers to license ebooks to libraries and manage the DRM around them in a logical, contract-based manner.

But a recent plan by HarperCollins introduced a new concept of licensing where after 26 circulations, the book needs to be repurchased. Though this raised an uproar, but at the bottom, it is a copyright owner legitimately licensing its product.

20. A Future of Books
So, here are a few thoughts, adapted from Mike Hendrickson's "The Future of the Book" for take aways:
  • Available in all formats (print, Mobi, ePub, DAISY, PDF, ?)
  • Rich media integration
  • Socially connected (aside: yes, reading is solitary but books are social)
  • Shorter turn around from idea to instantiation
  • Gamification
  • Pricing that is fair and works
21. Thanks
All images note cited are available on my Flickr site. Special thanks to Banjo, the black cat, for patiently working her way through the Kindle version of Northanger Abbey.


Sunday, April 10, 2011

Olive oil, balsamic vinegar, and bread, my latest foodie fetish

Oil, vinegar, breadSo, you've seen my recent post on tea, well, now, for the past couple of months, I've also been delving into oil and vinegar.

While on a trip to San Diego, I went to Coronado: Taste of Oils on a side trip to Coronado Beach. I did a little tasting and was hooked. I ordered a bottle of fig balsamic (wow, amazing!) and a manzanillo olive oil.

I was able to make them last for just a little over three months, but now, the oil is gone and there's just a wee touch of the fig balsamic left.

Will have to look into oil and vinegar stores here, or order some more online from Coronado!

Saturday, April 02, 2011

Public school fundraising auction

Education and the arts supported in the USA by bake sales, begging, and charity auctions.